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From King Lear to The Image Book: Sharad Raj remembers Jean-Luc Godard(1930-2022)

Updated: Sep 14, 2022

Photograph by GAETAN BALLY/Keystone/Corbis

The year was 1989, a print of Jean-Luc Godard's latest film, King Lear, an adaptation of William Shakespear's well know play was received by the National Film Archives of India(NFAI), Pune. Those days the Film and Television Institute of India's(FTII) Main Theatre used to be the venue of all NFAI screenings. Professor Suresh Chabria of Film History and Analysis at FTII promptly kept a screening of King Lear in the institute's Main Theatre and we were ordered to be present for the screening. Some of us slept and most of us walked out. Prof Chabria was livid the next day. We had never seen Prof Chabria in such a foul mood, reprimanding us for walking out of a Godard film. He kept a repeat screening the next day and a diktat was passed that all 8 direction students need to be compulsarily present for the screening. We had little choice but to sit through King Lear and Prof Chabria continued to remain angry with us for a while, for we had absolutely no response to the film.

King Lear(1987)

It was not that one had not seen a Godard film earlier during the course. Masterpieces like Breathless(1960) and La Petite Soldat(1963) were our staple diet during the course and one was fully aware of the influence of this great cinema artist, Jean-Luc Godard, on cinema as one of the pioneers of the French New Wave. The man who redefined cinema in more than one way. But King Lear was obscure and it scarred my relationship with the master for a long time.

Back in the 20th century in the years before the internet there was no access to Godard's remaining films and when the access arrived, Godard was kept at bay for a while. Then came the long track shot of the traffic jam from Weekend(1967), a piece of cinema that is infinitely layered and more complex than what it seems. And the interest in Godard was revived which was further buttressed by taking occasional classes on French New Wave. Apart from known masterpieces like Alphaville(1965) and Masculin Feminin(1966), with the advent of internet one unearthed gems like Band of Outsiders(1964), Godard's reinvention of the noir and Made in U.S.A(1966) and Jean-Luc suddenly seemed to have aesthetic answers to a lot of ones own cinematic enquiries.

But it was at the MAMI Festival in the October of 2018 in Mumbai that one decided to see his latest, The Image Book. Expecting scant crowd for a Godard film one reached at the nick of the time only to find a long long que. The show of The Image Book, a film which did not have a single shot freshly taken, a film made entirely from pre-existing footage was packed to capacity. Lo and behold Prof Chabria was sitting right behind me in the PVR audi and we wondered how come the audi was houseful ?Both of us were pretty sure that people will walkout. The average age of the audience was less than thirty. What unfolded in the next two hours was an experience both intellectual and emotional that can only be described in rhetoric in such a hurry and less space. Not one person had walked out during the course of the film!

The Image Book(2018)

Six months later, it was in the land of Godard that my film Ek Betuke Aadmi ki Afrah Raatein was premiered in Cinema Gaumont Toulouse. It was after the screening of the film a member of the audience bought a Godard dvd from the multiplex store and gifted it to me. It remains my most prized possession till date. My relationship with Godard had come a full circle. A full fledged one at that was rekindled for good. For me JLC has a lot of answers for independent filmmakers in India. It was this new alignment with the cinema of Godard and therefore with the whole French New Wave that made one realise what could be a way forward if one has to continue making independent films.

This was followed by repeated viewings of many Godard favorites but most importantly his 90-minute lecture on Instagram live in 2020 during the pandemic at the age of 89 and his long interview with his friend and fellow master Woody Allen. Both are a masterclass in cinema.

Most importantly despite all his intellectual wealth and the philosopher cum cultural icon that Godard was, he was a picture of humility and inclusivity; Something the many self-proclaimed brahmins of Indian cinema can learn a lot from. We all know the high esteem he held Alfred Hitchcock in but Godard was a great admirer of the gangster genre and held two American film masters Samuel Fueller and Nicholas Ray in very high esteem. In fact Made in U.S.A starts with his homage to the two, where an auteur like him at the peak of his creative journey says that all that he learnt about sound and image was from Sam & Nick!

There are a lot of "cool quotes" of Godard that we all love to flaunt but to take them at face value or as an endorsement of ones mediocrity, will be a huge disservice to one of the most influential masters of cinema. Homage and learning apart, Jean-Luc was essentially subversive; an iconoclast, an autuer who left an indelible mark on that very intense and complex relationship that the audience forms with the moving image on the screen in the darkness of a film auditorium.

Sharad Raj is a Mumbai based independent filmmaker, faculty and Editor of Just Cinema.

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